Mеждународна организация по миграция


Posted: 07/10/18

Themes: Humanitarian Emergencies, Missing Migrants

Geneva – IOM, the UN Migration Agency, reports that 47,637 migrants and refugees entered Europe by sea through 8 July 2018. That total compares to 101,392 at this time last year, and over 239,492 at this time in 2016.
Arrivals to Italy, Greece and Spain are about even through 14 weeks. Italy, with 35 per cent of arrivals, remains the busiest destination, barely edging out Spain (34%) and Greece (30%). If these trends persist, Spain looks likely to have had the largest number of arrivals before summer’s end. 

IOM Rome reported Monday that arrivals of irregular migrants to Italy thus far in 2018 are at 16,933, less than one-fifth (19%) the total arriving through mid-year 2017 and mid-year 2016. The downward trend appears to be accelerating (see chart below): monthly arrivals to Italy this year have topped the 4,000-person mark just once, in January. For the previous two years, monthly arrival totals to Italy regularly exceeded 10,000 and 20,000 during summer months.

Nonetheless, irregular sea passage across the Mediterranean’s central route remains treacherous. IOM’s Missing Migrants Project has now recorded 1,422 people who have lost their lives at sea in the Mediterranean since the beginning of the year. 
Most recently, a young man drowned in the Western Mediterranean between Morocco and Spain. The online mapping platform Alarm Phone reported that on 3 July, the group was in contact with a boat in distress which was trying to reach Spain from Morocco. Tragically, a young man lost his life before the boat was returned to Morocco. He was 19 years old and from Senegal.
IOM Libya’s Christine Petré reported Monday that since 5 July, the remains of eight migrants were found along the Libyan shore in Tajoura, Garaboli and Suq al Juma. She added that so far this year, 11,311 migrants have been returned to Libyan shore by the Libyan Coast Guard. 
IOM Madrid’s Ana Dodevska reported Monday that total arrivals at sea in 2018 have reached 16,295 men, women and children, irregular migrants who have been rescued in Western Mediterranean waters through 8 July.
Just about half of all landings – 8,145 people – occurred just in the past 38 days. Moreover, sea arrivals to Spain by irregular migrants already are almost 75 per cent of all of 2017 arrivals, and exceed the arrivals of 2015 and 2016, combined (see charts below).

IOM Athens’ Antigoni Avgeropoulou said Monday IOM has learned that from last Thursday through Sunday (5-8 July) the Hellenic Coast Guard (HCG) reported at least six incidents requiring search and rescue operations off the islands of Lesvos, Samos and Chios. The HCG rescued a total of 228 migrants and transferred them to those islands.
Another 57 migrants were reported landing at Kos and elsewhere, bringing to 319 the total number of arrivals between those four days. Through that date the total number of sea arrivals to Greek territory since 1 January is 14,119 (see charts below).

Worldwide, IOM’s Missing Migrants Project has documented the deaths of 2,138 people while migrating in 2018 (see chart below). Besides those on the Mediterranean, there were two more additions to the Missing Migrants Project database since Thursday’s update.
In Mexico, a 28-year-old man from El Salvador died after falling from a freight train near Cañada Morelos, in Mexico’s Puebla state on 5 July. At least 17 people have lost their lives while transiting through Mexico due to rail accidents in 2018. In Europe, a 22-year-old Pakistani man drowned in the Uni River near Bihac, in Una-Sana Canton, Bosnia and Herzegovina on 5 July.

Missing Migrants Project data are compiled by IOM staff but come from a variety of sources, some of which are unofficial. To learn more about how data on migrants deaths and disappearances are collected, click here.
Download the Latest Mediterranean Update infographic here.

Missing Migrants Project data are compiled by IOM staff but come from a variety of sources, some of which are unofficial. To learn more about how data on migrants’ deaths and disappearances are collected, click here.

Latest Mediterranean Update infographic: http://migration.iom.int/docs/MMP/120118_Mediterranean_Update.pdf
For latest arrivals and fatalities in the Mediterranean, please visit: http://migration.iom.int/europe
Learn more about the Missing Migrants Project at: http://missingmigrants.iom.int





In 2016, the International Organization for Migration’s Missing Migrants Project recorded the deaths of nearly 7,500 migrants, more than 5,000 of whom perished in the Mediterranean. The number of migrant deaths across most regions of the world is rising and the Missing Migrants Project is the only effort to collect this data worldwide.

Researchers, journalists, and policy-makers, including EuropolMigrant ReportReuters and many other news media sources frequently use our data. These users have differing levels of technical knowledge. We partnered with the Humanitarian Data Exchange to create a visualization that could convey our data in a more effective and understandable way.

The visualization allows users interested in global trends to view the entire dataset, while others can filter the data by a specific region or group of migrants. It is also possible to compare death rates over time and between regions. But the visualization is not just for external users: for our team, it has helped us identify missing entries in the data, and has allowed us to analyse the main causes of migrant deaths in key regions over time.

We will feature the visualization on different pages of the Missing Migrants Project website, customised to help illustrate different aspects of information on migrant deaths. For example, a page on data for the Mediterranean might feature a version of the visualization filtered just for that region, allowing users to explore and compare the data in the way that interests them most.

The Missing Migrants Project collects information on migrant deaths and disappearances across the world on a daily basis from a variety of sources, including national authorities, NGOs, media reports, and interviews with surviving migrants. IOM staff verify this information, then codify it to fit the 20 variables contained in the Missing Migrants dataset. The visualization uses variables on the time, location, and cause of death, as well as the region of origin of migrant decedents.

While the issue of migrant deaths in the Mediterranean has made headlines in recent months, we hope that the new HDX visualization will bring attention to the risks migrants face in other regions as well. We also hope that through more accessible and understandable data, users will be able to provide new research and insights into how to better protect migrants around the world.

This blog was first published on The Humanitarian Data Exchange blog 


60,927 present migrants and refugees 

in Greece, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Serbia, Slovenia, Croatia, Hungary, Bulgaria, and Cyprus

Updates as of 10 January 2017


Country Number of stranded people


the FYR of Macedonia 50
Serbia 3,931
Croatia*​​​​​​​ 494
Slovenia*​​​​​​* 228
Bulgaria​ 1,191
Hungary 502
Cyprus​​*                                                          306


* Number of asylum seekers as of 3 January.

**​​Number of asylum seekers as of 27 December.

+Updates as of 31 October.

Data Sources: National Authorities, IOM and UNHCR